St. John's is the capital city of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. It is located on the eastern section of the Avalon Peninsula on the island of Newfoundland. It is believed to be the most inhabited city within the Metropolitan Area, and is the second largest CMA within the Atlantic Provinces. St. John is the oldest English-founded settlement within North America, and tradition credits the explorer, John Cabot for the name of the city. John Cabot is the first person from Europe to sail into the harbor. In 1500, it was officially founded as a community by Sir Humphrey Gilbert, who declared it an English colony in the year 1583. The region has seen various changes, mainly during the 20th century, where service centres, modern export and oil fields strengthened the economic output of the city to a much higher level.
There are many attractions within the city of St. John's for tourists to enjoy. Signal Hill is a major attraction since it provides panoramic views of the port, the city and the Atlantic Ocean. What's more, the region has been the site of various military endeavours during the centuries. It received the first transatlantic wireless signal by Marconi in 1901. Cape Spear National Historic Site is considered to be the most easterly point within North America. Well-known for its incredible coastal view, this key attraction is the oldest surviving lighthouse in Newfoundland that was completely restored to its original look.
The coastal waters of Labrador and Newfoundland is likewise home to several unique marine animals, like for instance the minke, humpback, right, sei, pothead, blue, see fin and sperm whales. Outside the city limits is a marine bird sanctuary filled with seabirds and other marine life during summertimes. In some seasons, visitors can likewise see the iceberg at some vantage points in the city of St. John's. The Fluvarium is where individuals can view Brook and Brown Trout within their natural habitat. The Grand Concourse is one of the major attractions within the city of St. John's. It is a series of fluvarium, urban walkways, historic places, connecting parks, picturesque ponds, and Victorian architecture. Johnson GEO Centre has an exhibit area that geographically features natural rock walls that remain exposed in the exhibit areas. These rocks show the history of Newfoundland and Labrador which extends 3.7 billion years ago. The Room at Fort Townshend is a modern cultural centre which protects and preserves the province's historical and cultural heritage. The Botanical Gardens of Memorial University covers around 45 hectares of land near the center of St. John's. It is unique as it not just offers a botanical garden, but it likewise offers a natural reserve of about 20 species of birds, 212 species of flowering plants and ferns, and 26 species of butterflies.
The continued growth of the city of St. John's could be attributed to gas and oil in its oceans. The city of St. John's has been recognized as having one of the highest proportion of engineers and scientists per capita of any city under one million population in North America. Economic forecasts predict that the city of St. John's would continue to be strong in its economy in the coming years not just because of its natural resources, but likewise because of its new home construction and tourism.