The city of Halifax was once occupied by the Mi'kmaq, and people who lived on the Halifax Harbour named it Jipugtug, that meas "Great Harbour." The very first Europeans who settled in the region founded the Town of Halifax in 1749, and the town that slowly grew across the regions became the Halifax County in the next decades. During 1996, the government combined all the municipal governments in Halifax County.
One of the better locations to visit when discovering the city of Halifax is the Dartmouth Heritage Walk. The Eastern Shore, Halifax Harbour, and South Shores are amongst the other sites to visit when exploring the region. For park lovers, they could visit the Admirals Park, the Atlantic View Trail, where the old rail bridges lead across a tidal estuary and large salt marsh. The Bedford Lions Sandy Lake Park is an interesting location to see forest regeneration. Its trail leads to the Jack Lake lands to the east, where the place for the detention centre was supposed to be erected but was never constructed. The Beechville Lakeside Timberlea Rails to Trails is used by numerous skiers, pedestrians and cyclists. The trail twists through a path of mixed wood regenerating from logging along incredible inland bogs that provides access to the narrow stream and lake systems of the Granite Uplands. Martinique Beach Provincial Park is the only known site within the region where the endangered piping plover species nest within the bare sands. Martinique is one of the province's biggest crescent beaches and forms a barrier between the Atlantic and the protected lagoon and marshes behind. Queensland Beach Provincial Park boast of its fine white sand on the narrow beach. The sand contains feldspar crystals and sandy granite which extends a few hundred meters from the beach.
The popular Halifax Regional Municipality is home to a lot of the regions post-secondary students who provide a good influence in the local cultural scene. Their influence has driven the region to prominence as a main cultural centre in Atlantic Canada. The region has various theatres, such as The Neptune Theatre, The Rebecca Cohn Theatre and The Music Room. The city of Halifax is also a popular place for cultural attractions, such as the Symphony Nova Scotia, Khyber ICA, the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic and the Neptune Theatre. The entire region is popular for its nightlife and music scene, mostly in the central urban core.
Within the urban area of Halifax is a strong concentration of private sector companies and government services. The city is considered the central hub for lots of banking, cultural and government activities within the Maritime region. The main industries within the area include the Department of National Defence, the Halifax Stanfield International Airport and the Port of Halifax. Recent developments have put a spotlight on its flourishing real estate. The other active industries of the region are forestry, natural gas extraction, agriculture, mining and fishing. The most common resources found at the city of Halifax are limestone, gypsum, shale, clay and gold.