Quebec City, Quebec is the capital of the province of the same name. The present population in the city was more than 515,000 people. The metropolitan area had a population of 765,706 which made it the 2nd most populous city after the city of Montreal. The city of Montreal is located approximately 233 km or 145 miles to the southwest of the city.
The name "Quebec" comes from the Algonquin word Kebec, that means "where the river narrows." This word refers specifically to the narrowing of the Saint Lawrence River on Quebec's promontory. The promontory is Cap-Diamant and Levis on the opposite bank from the city. Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec City during the year 1608, making it amongst the oldest cities within North America. The only city walls which are fortified still exist within north of Mexico in America, are the ramparts surrounding Old Quebec or Vieux-Quebec. These walls were declared in 1985 by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, the "Historic District of Old Quebec."
According to the federal and provincial governments, the city's official name is the same in both English and French, although Quebec City is commonly utilized to help distinguish the city from the province. The Chateau Frontenac is the most well-known landmark in Quebec City and is a hotel that dominates the skyline. The Museum of Civilization or the Musee de la civilization and the National Gallery of Quebec of the Musee national des beaux-arts du Quebec are both located close to Vieux-Quebec.
Within Quebec City, lots of jobs are focused on public administration, defense services, tourism, commerce and transport. The city benefits from being an administrative and regional services center, because it is the capital of the province. The government of the province is the biggest employer within the city. As of the year 2007, roughly 27,900 individuals worked for them. The local hospital network CHUQ is the biggest institutional employer within Quebec City and in 2007 had more than 10,000 workers. The unemployment rate within the city was well under the national averages of 7.3% and 6.6% during the year 2008 at 4.5%.
Within Quebec City around 10 percent of the jobs are in manufacturing. The key producers include paper and pulp, chemicals, wood and metal items, processed food, printed materials and electrical equipment and electronics.
Lots of major companies have their company headquarters located within the city. Some well-known companies comprise: industrial Alliance, La Capitale, Beenox Frima Studio, and Union Canadienne within the insurance sector, and within the computer games business Sarbakan, in advertising and marketing Vision 7 and Cossette, SSQ and Promutuel and Institut National d'Optique or INO and EXFO in technology. Within the financial industry, the Desjardins Group is the largest employer in the area. In general, both of the security and the defense industries are really prominent within Quebec City. They have formed an industrial pole referred to as Technopole Defense and Security.