Located in northern Canada, the Northwest Territories is a federal territory which borders the two other territories, Yukon towards the east and Nunavut to the west. The southern border is shared along with three provinces: British Columbia towards the southwest and Saskatchewan and Alberta to the south. Based on the census of 2006, the Northwest Territories population was 41,464 which was an increase from 2001 by 11 percent. The land area measures 1,140,835 km2 or 440,000 square miles. The city of Yellowknife became the capital during nineteen sixty seven as a result of suggestions from the Carrothers Commission.
There are various magnificent ecological features within the Northwest Territories like for instance Great Slave Lake, Keller Lake and the Great Bear Lake which is the largest lake entirely within the nation. Moreover, there are the canyons of the Nahanni National Park Reserve, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a national park, in addition to the Mackenzie River. Territorial islands situated within the Canadian Arctic Archipelago consist of Melville Island, Borden Island and sections of Victoria Island as well as Banks Island and Prince Patrick Island. Mount Nirvana is near the Yukon border and is the highest point of the Northwest Territories with an elevation of 2,773 metres or 9,098 feet.
While Nunavut is mostly an Arctic tundra, the Northwest Territories enjoys a type of weather which is somewhat warmer and is usually boreal or tiaga forest. Around 50% of the territory is located north of the tree line.
The territory has a lot of geological and natural resources such as gold, petroleum, natural gas and diamonds. BP is the only oil business which generates any oil within the territory. The Canadian Diamonds which are mined and promoted from the region offer an alternative to blood diamonds. Rio Tinto and the BHP Billiton are two of the biggest mineral resource companies in the world who mine a big quantity of their diamonds from the Northwest Territories. According to records, during the year 2010, the Northwest Territories accounted for 110 percent of BHP's diamonds coming in at 3.05 million carats from the EKATI mine. The numbers show 28.5% of Rio Tinto's total production of diamonds at 3.9 million carats which was 17% more than the past 2009 total from the Diavik Diamond Mine.
With a 2009 GDP per capita of C$76,000, the Northwest Territories had the highest per capita GDP of all the territories and provinces in Canada.
The NWT has only 33 official communities, based on the statistics in the year 2010. The largest of these communities Yellowknife has eighteen thousand seven hundred inhabitants, while the smallest Kasisa just has fifty two people. These communities have several governing bodies. like for instance, several regions are designated as a village, hamlet, town or city whilst others fall under different types of First Nations control. Most communities are designated as municipal corporations.
Yellowknife, the largest community likewise has the largest number of Aboriginal peoples, who number 22% of the population or 4,105 people. Behchoko is the community with the largest percentage of First Nations peoples with 95 percent Aboriginal. This translates to 1,730 of the 1,894 inhabitants. Inuvik has approximately 3,484 inhabitants and is likewise home to the biggest Inuvialuit community with 1,335 people or 38.9%. In the Northwest Territories there is one Indian reserve called the Hay River Reserve which is located on the south seashore of the Hay River.