The province of Saskatchewan is the 3rd westernmost province in Canada. It is a prairie province that encompasses an area of 227,100 square miles or 588,276 square kilometers. The province of Alberta forms the border to the west, the province of Manitoba lies to the east, the Northwest Territories are the northern border and the U.S. states of Montana and North Dakota are on the south.
According to statistics as of April the year 2011, the population of the province of Saskatchewan was approximately 1,053,960. Primarily, people resides in the southern portion of the province of Saskatchewan. Around 257,300 residents live within Saskatoon which is likewise the province's largest city. The capital city is Regina and around two hundred ten thousand inhabitants reside there. Amongst the other major cities are Moose Jaw, Prince Albert, North Battleford, Swift Current and Yorkton.
The area of the province of Saskatchewan was initially explored in the year 1690 by Europeans and settled during seventeen seventy four. Several indigenous groups have likewise inhabited the area. In 1905, Saskatchewan became a province. Brad Wall is the present premier and Gordon Barnhart is the lieutenant-governor. Mining, energy and agriculture are the main industries.
"Saskatchewan" is a name which comes from the Saskatchewan River. In the Cree language the river was designated kisiska-ciwani-si-piy which translates to swift flowing river.
The economy of the province of Saskatchewan is associated largely with agriculture. Over the years there has been increasing diversification and nowadays, forestry, fishing, hunting and agriculture combined only amount for 6.8% of the province's GDP. A huge portion of the country's grain is grown by the province of Saskatchewan. The most familiar crop being wheat and this is often associated with the province of Saskatchewan in the form of wheat sheafs depicted on the coat of arms of Saskatchewan. The province of Saskatchewan produces various grains like for example oats, flax, rye, canola, barley, peas and canary seed.
Saskatchewan's beef cattle production is one more flourishing business, the second biggest within the country next to the province of Alberta. Mining is quite prominent within the province because it is the biggest exporter of potash and uranium. Forestry is another significant industry that is predominant within the northern section of the province of Saskatchewan.
Oil and natural gas production are also important parts of the province's economy with oil being the larger industry. In overall production of oil, only the province of Alberta exceeds the province. Heavy crude oil is extracted in the Lloydminister-Kerrobert-Kindersley areas. Light crude is likewise found in the Kindersley-Swift Current regions along with the Weyburn-Estevan fields. From the Primrose Lake region through Lloydminister, Kindersley, Maple Creek, Leader and Unity regions and the majority of the whole western section of Saskatchewan, natural gas is abundant.
There are many big Crown corporations in the province, like for instance SaskEnergy, a vital supplier of natural gas within the province; SGI or also referred to as Saskatchewan Government Insurance, SaskPower and SaskTel. The NATO Flying Training Centre at 15 Wing, close to Moose Jaw is run by Bombardier. In the late nineteen nineties, Bombardier was awarded a long-term contract for $2.8 billion from the federal government for the running of the facility and the purchase of military aircraft.
SaskPower was established during 1929 and has been the principal supplier of electricity in the province. The business serves over 451,000 clients and manages more than $4.5 billion in assets. SaskPower is a huge business who has almost 2500 permanent full-time staff situated within 71 communities.