Quebec is a province located within east-central Canada. It is the only province within Canada which has a largely French-speaking population. It is also the only province whose only official language is French at the provincial level.
The province of Quebec is the biggest province within Canada as designated by area. It is the 2nd largest administrative division. The only bigger place is the territory of Nunavut. On the west of Quebec the province of Ontario forms the border together with Hudson Bay and James Bay. To the east are the provinces of New Brunswick and Newfoundland and Labrador;to the north is Hudson Strait and Ungaya Bay. Also on the eastern border is the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York are the US states located towards the south of the province of Quebec. The province of Quebec likewise shares maritime borders along with Nunavut, Nova Scotia and PEI.
Quebec is the second most populace province after Ontario. The majority of the residents in the province live next to the Saint Lawrence River within urban locations between Montreal and Quebec City. There are English-speaking institutions and communities concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal. English speaking areas are likewise major within the Eastern Townships, the Outaouais and the Gaspe regions. The northern section of the province of Quebec is occupied by the Nord-du-Quebec region and this area is occupied mainly by Aboriginal peoples and is sparsely inhabited.
Quebec politics has a strong base in Sovereignty, because the official opposition social democratic Parti Quebecois advocates the succession of the province from Canada. During 1980 and 1995 Sovereignist governments have held referendums on independence. Each and every time they were voted down by the voters, though, the latter was defeated by an extremely tiny margin. During 2006, the Canadian House of Commons passed the Quebecois nation motion. This was a symbolic motion which recognized the "Quebecois as a nation within a united Canada."
The economy of the province is greatly dependent upon the abundance of substantial natural resources. Several major businesses with major operations within the province include biotechnology, information and communication technologies, aerospace and the pharmaceutical industry. Second only to Ontario, these different trades have each contributed to making Quebec become the 2nd province which is most economically influential.
The economy is mainly market-based, open and advanced. Based on 2009 numbers, the per capita GDP of the province was US$32,408. These figures place the province of Quebec at par with Italy, japan and Spain but remain lower than the Canadian average GDP of US$37,830 per capita. Quebec's economy is ranked 37th biggest in the globe just after Greece. In the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, it is ranked the 21st biggest.
Described as a clean energy superpower, the province of Quebec has seen a big shift in the balance of energy during the last thirty years. During 2008, the main form of energy was electricity at 41.6% followed by 38.2% of oil and 10.7% of natural gas. After China, Brazil and the USA, Quebec is the 4th largest producer of hydroelectricity in the globe. In the year 2008, sources show that the province depends almost completely on this particular source of renewable energy for its electricity needs.