Nova Scotia is amongst the 3 Maritime Provinces in Canada and is the most heavily populated province in Atlantic Canada. In Latin, the name "Nova Scotia" translates to "New Scotland," even if it remains the officially recognized English-language name of the province. The provincial capital city is Halifax. The province of Nova Scotia has an area of 21,300 square miles or 55,284 square kilometers and this makes it the second smallest province in the nation. Based on the 2009 census, the population was 946,297 making the province of Nova Scotia the second most densely inhabited province in Canada.
The Mi'kmaq people already called Nova Scotia home when French colonists established the first permanent European settlement within Canada in 1604. This was the very first permanent European establishment north of Florida at that time. The province of Nova Scotia was among the 4 founding provinces of the Canadian Confederation in 1867.
Many tourist bureaus have portrayed Nova Scotia as a province with a traditions that are unspoiled, rustic and primitive from the modernization process. Scottish culture is likewise highlighted as part of the province too. The biggest self-identified ethnic group within the province of Nova Scotia after Canadian is people with Scottish ancestry. During the year 2011, that population was 29.3%.
Traditionally, the province of Nova Scotia enjoyed a resource based economy. This has diversified in recent decades. Nova Scotia emerged as a viable jurisdiction within North America driven by their ability of natural resources such as the fish stocks situated off of the Scotian shelf. Ever since its development as part of the economy of New France in the 17th century, the fishery was a pillar of the economy. Due to overfishing during the 20th century however, the fishery suffered a sharp decline. There were around 20,000 jobs lost during the year 1992 because of the closure of this sector and the collapse of the cod stocks.
Thanks in part to a strong small-business sector; Nova Scotia has one ofamong the largest growing economies within Canada. One more significant sector is the mining division. Some of the minerals mined comprise salt, gypsum, peat, barite and silica. Offshore oil and gas has emerged as an ever more important part of the economy ever since the year 1991. Agriculture is one more important staple. The central section of Nova Scotia has paper and lumber industries that are responsible for numerous job opportunities within those regions.
Within Nova Scotia, there are over six thousand five hundred direct businesses related to the industry of tourism, supporting practically 40,000 jobs. About 200,000 passengers from cruise ships flow through the Port of Halifax on a yearly basis. These ships travel to the province of Nova Scotia from all parts of the globe and contribute about $1.3 billion to the economy every year.
The culture of the province of Nova Scotia is heavily featured in the tourism area. Like for example, there are centres that tell the stories of the many globally renowned musicians who come from the province like Rita MacNeil's Tea Room in Big Pond, the Hank Snow Home Town Museum in Liverpool, and there is the Anne Murray Centre within Springhill.
The province of Nova Scotia likewise has an abundance of centres and museums that reflect various communities that add to the culture of the province. There is the Glace Bay Miners Museum, the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic, the Black Cultural Centre for Nova Scotia, the grand-Pre National Historic Site and the Glooscap Heritage Centre to mention some.