The city of Regina is the capital city of the Province of Saskatchewan and following Saskatoon, it is the second largest. The city is a major economic hub for the areas it surrounds, comprising the rest of southern Saskatchewan and the nearby American states of Montana and North Dakota. Regina was founded during the year 1882 and became well-known during the North-West Rebellion period, when troops were brought by train before they marched to the battleground. Also, Louie Riel, the name of the rebellion's leader was hanged in Regina. The city of Regina was incorporated as a city on June 19, 1903 and was declared the capital of the Saskatchewan province by the first provincial government.
The University of Regina and the fine arts constituency supports the culture and arts of the city of Regina. Fine arts, theatre and dance have been heavily featured in the city with the Regina Conservatory of Music being a main highlight of the universities music scene. The city of Regina also hosts lots of other annual cultural events, such as Mosaic, The Regina Dragon Boat Festival, the Cathedral Village Arts Festival, the Regina Folk Festival and the Craven Country Jamboree. The Saskatchewan Centre of the Arts, now currently called the Conexus Arts Centre, is a concert hall complex widely-known for its most acoustically-perfect environment, hosts the Regina Symphony Orchestra (the oldest performing orchestra in Canada), Opera Saskatchewan and the new Dance Horizons. There is also the Globe Theatre, the Royal Saskatchewan Museum, the famous Casavant Freres pipe organs of the Knox-Metropolitan United Church and the Holy Rosary Roam Catholic Cathedral.
For the neighbouring states of Montana and North Dakota utilize the city of Regina as a travel destination. Some of the most popular places which people go to include: The Evraz Place, an agricultural fair event every August, the Canadian Agribition, an agricultural show throughout wintertimes, the Globe Theatre, Taylor Field sports stadium, Casino Regina, the Government House, the Roman Catholic Cathedral on the West End, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police national training Centre, the Royal Saskatchewan Museum, the Mormon Temple, known for its gorgeous buildings and the Saskatchewan Science centre, which houses the 1914 Powerhouse on east Wascana Lake.
Regina's economy is greatly dependent on potash, sodium sulphite, oil, bentonite and koalin. Farming still plays a large role also, though not as significant as in past decades. Federated Co-op maintains a 103,000 barrel per day refinery as the exploitation of Saskatchewan oil sources continues. Up until the present, Regina is amongst the minor players within the development of the civic economy of Regina.