Richmond is a beautiful coastal city situated within the province of British Columbia. It is considered a part of Metro Vancouver and its nearest communities are Vancouver and Burnaby to the north, Delta to the south and New Westminster to the east. The Strait of Georgia forms Richmond's western border.
The Vancouver International Airport if situated in the city limits of Richmond and is found on Sea Island. The city is made up of the islands within the delta of the Fraser River. The biggest and most populous of these islands is Lulu Island. The 2nd largest island is Sea Island, home to the Vancouver International Airport. In addition, there are 13 smaller islands which make up Richmond's 129.66 square kilometers of land area. The quaint fishing village of Steveston is also included in Richmond city and it is located in the far southwest corner of Richmond. The Richmond Olympic Oval was constructed nearby and was one of the sites for speed-skating events during the 2010 Winter Olympic Games.
Because of the fact that all of Richmond's land area occupies islands in a river delta, Richmond city is full of alluvial and rich soil great for agriculture. As a matter of fact, the area was among the first places within B.C. to be farmed in 19th century by people from Europe.
Richmond's geographical location brings with it some issues. Since all of the land averages only one meter above sea level, it is at risk to flooding, particularly during high tide. In order to cope with this condition, all of the major islands are currently surrounded by a system of dykes. These dykes serve to protect the city of Richmond from expected flooding, however, they are not as big as the levees of New Orleans or those found in the Netherlands. If there ever is a large earthquake within the vicinity, there is a chance that the dykes can break. This will cause the alluvial soil to possibly liquefy that would cause extensive damage.
The area surrounding the city of Richmond is also at risk of experiencing a major flood, is by chance the Fraser River has an unusually high spring freshet. Running along the tops of many of the cities dykes, there are a variety of bird sanctuaries and recreational trails. These wide, flat dirt roads make perfect locations for individuals who jog, families to walk together with strollers and young children as well as the ideal place for those who walk their dogs. The city of Richmond supports about 1400 acres of parkland.
The city and surrounding area supports 100,000 jobs in various fields consisting of retail, tourism, aviation and airport services, light manufacturing, fishing, government and agriculture. The region is also a leading place for high-technology firms. These businesses consist of the Nintendo Corporation of Canada and MacDonald Dettwiler and Associates.