The Province of New Brunswick is among Canada's Maritime Provinces situated along the eastern shore. It is the only province in Canada to be bilingual with French and English languages being constitutionally recognized languages. Saint John is the most populated city, while the capital of the province is Fredericton. During the year 2009, Canadian Statistics estimated the provincial population to be about 750,500, with most individuals English speaking. There is a 33 percent large Francophone minority within the area, largely of Acadian origin.
"New Brunswick" is a name that originated from Braunschweig or the German city of Brunswick. This city of Brunswick is situated in modern day Lower Saxony in northern Germany and former duchy of the same name. This city is the ancestral home of the Hanoverian King George III from Great Britain.
The urban regions of New Brunswick have modern, serviced-based economies consisting of educational, financial, retail, health care and insurance sectors. These sectors are rather fairly distributed in all 3 of the major urban centers'. Also, heavy industries and port facilities are located in Saint John. The city of Fredericton on the other hand is mostly occupied with the government, military services and universities. The region surrounding Moncton City has the essential rail facilities and air terminal, along with being known as a commercial, retail, distribution and transportation hub.
The province's rural economy is based mainly on mixed farming, fishing, forestry and mining businesses. Forestry is an essential economy in all areas of the province but is most famous within the heavily forested areas within the central part of the province. There are various sawmills within the smaller towns. Large pulp and paper mills are found within the cities of Saint John, Edmundston, Nackawic and Miramichi.
The provincial mining industries comprise heavy metals such as lead and zinc. These minerals are mined around the city of Bathurst located in the north. Sussex is home to amongst the largest potash deposits within the world. There is a development of a second potash mind in the Sussex area which is projected to be costing more than one billion dollars. Oil deposits and natural gas are also being developed and explored in the Sussex region as well.
The farming sector of the economy is situated within the upper Saint John River Valley, that is an area within the northwest portion of New Brunswick. Potatoes are the most valuable crop grown here. There are likewise dairy and mixed farms which are located elsewhere, mainly within the southeast part of the province of New Brunswick, concentrated within the Petitcodiac and Kennebecasis river valleys. With regards to the fishing trade, the most valuable catches include king crab, lobster and scallops. An essential part of the local fishing business is the farming of Atlantic salmon within the Passamaquoddy Bay area.
There is a large tourism industry in Saint John from cruise ships. Some of best tourist places in the province of New Brunswick consist of the New Brunswick Museum, the Beaverbrook Art Gallery, Hopewell Rocks, Minister;s Island, Kings Landing Historical Settlement, the Magnetic Hill Zoo, magic Mountain Water Park, Sackville Waterfowl Park, Les Jardins de la République, La Dune de Bouctouche, Village Historique Acadien, Crystal Palace, the 41 km or 25 mile Fundy Hiking Trail, Cape Jourimain National Wildlife Preserve and Casino New Brunswick.