New Brunswick's most densely inhabited metro area is the city of Moncton. Moncton is also the 2nd biggest city following Halifax, in the Maritime Provinces. The area had its first inhabitants during 1733, even though the year 1766 was considered to be the official year it was established, since it was the beginning of the arrival of Pennsylvania Dutch immigrants from Philadelphia, the state of Pennsylvania. Moncton was an agricultural settlement before, and its name was taken from the name of Lt. Col. Robert Monckton, the British officer who was able to capture nearby Fort Beausejour a century earlier. The city of Moncton grew fast during the 20th century, especially after lobbying helped the city become the eastern terminus of National Transcontinental Railway project during the year 1912.
Moncton's Capital Theatre is the city main centre for cultural entertainment within the city of Moncton. It is an 800-seat restored 1920's-era vaudeville house situated on the city's Main Street. The theatre play host to several performing arts, like for instance the Atlantic Ballet Theatre of Canada, the New Brunswick Symphony Orchestra, and many other theatrical performances. One more centre, the Aberdeen Cultural Centre, is a cooperative which consists of many galleries and studios. There are several community groups in Moncton that provide great stage entertainment. Individuals could go to Theatre l'Escaouette, McSweeney's Dinner Theatre, Aberdeen Cultural Centre, and Universite de Moncton - Sociocultural Services to see performing artists at their best.
There are numerous museums within the city. They comprise the Baptist Heritage Centre, Acadian Museum, Le Centre Culturel Aberdeen Cooperative Ltee, Lutz Mountain Meeting House and Heritage Museum, Thomas Williams House, the Payer garden and the Moncton 100 Monument. The Acadian Museum features a permanent exhibition, temporary exhibits, and screenings and guided tours of historical films and documentaries. The Heritage Center gathers and exhibits the material history of the Baptist denomination within Atlantic Canada. Le Centre Culturel Aberdeen Cooperative Ltee features painting, live theatre, sculpture, dance, crafts, cinema, photography, martial arts and a lot more. Those who are interested in arts and crafts could visit the Art Across the Marsh Studio Tour, Economusee, The Oliver Soapery, Turner's Victoria Park Arts and Crafts fair and the Hudson Oddities.
Moncton has a tradition of being a strong influence in the distribution, commercial and transportation centres of the country. Among its main sectors comprise health care, education, insurance and information technology. In the year 2004, the city of Moncton has been named by the Canadian Business Magazine as "The best city for business in Canada," and in the year 2007 was named "the fifth most business-friendly small-sized city in North America. Some of the most prominent corporations within the city of Moncton comprise: Assumption Life Insurance, Atlantic Lottery Corporation, Armour Transportation Systems, Medavie Blue Cross Insurance, Asurion, Imvescor, BBM Canada, Exxon Mobil, UPS, Royal Bank of Canada, Fairmont Hotels, Gtech, International game Technology, OAO Technology Solutions and Nanoptix.