Victoria is Western Canada's oldest city. It is the capital city of British Columbia, Canada. Before the Europeans settled during the 1700's, the place was home to numerous communities of Coast Salish peoples, comprising the Songhees. Its name was selected in honor of Queen Victoria, and when the crown Colony of Vancouver Island was created in 1849, the town was planned on the site and became the capital of the colony. Songhee's village was later transferred to Esquimalt. For most of the 19th century, Victoria became amongst the largest city within British Columbia, and became amongst the leading trade and commerce players in the country. However, with the completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway terminus on Burrard Inlet, Vancouver City became the commercial centre of British Columbia. In the 20th century, Victoria changed into a city of government, retirement and tourism. It has an estimated four hundred thousand population, with a moderate climate and beautiful setting that makes a relaxing life for its residents.
The central city's main urban green space is the Beacon Hill Park. It is adjacent to the southern shore of Victoria, which includes playing fields, manicured gardens, a petting zoo exotic species of plants and animals like for instance wild peacocks, and fantastic views of the Olympic Mountain Range and the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Victoria likewise has Garry Oak Meadow habitat, an ecosystem that once dominated the region. Downtown, Victoria comprises National Geographic Theatre, Royal British Columbia Museum/MAX, Victoria Police Department, Christ Church Cathedral, The Empress Hotel and the British Columbia Legislative Buildings. There is likewise Butchart Gardens, Craigdarroch Castle, and Golf Courses of Vancouver Island.
There are several major shopping malls, shops and local markets situated within Victoria for those residents and visitors who love shopping. The layout of the city helps to encourage exploration in a lot of side streets at a leisurely pace. Government Street shows the cities apparent British heritage, showing a lot of souvenirs, trinkets and gifts. From Irish lace to bone china from England, to handmade chocolates, to tartans from Scotland or cups of coffee, individuals will certainly find something precious to give to someone. Another best-kept secret for shoppers is the Trounce Alley, where European fashions and gift shops await the individuals who shop. Across the street is the Bastion Square, that comprises lots of restaurants and shops to pick from. It's likewise good to visit the Market Square. It has forty merchants which offer the very best selections of specialty shops. For people who like antiques, they can go to Antique Row so as to find furniture, rare china, other trinkets and toys.
The main businesses in Victoria include the sectors of technology, education, federal, provincial government administration/services, and tourism. The main sectors in Greater Victoria comprise: technology products, online book publishing, food products manufacturing, light aircraft manufacturing, investment and banking, several private and public schools, several high tech firms in computers, engineering, pharmaceuticals, telecommunications and architecture. The Victoria Advanced Technology Council is a partnership between education and industry that promotes high tech business growth in the region of Victoria.