The city of Montreal, Quebec is the second-largest city within Canada with more than 1,650,000 people and has the countries biggest concentration of French Speakers. The city is located on an island referred to as Mont Réal after the triple-peaked hill. The city's original name was "City of Mary", or Ville-Marie in French.
The Metro Montreal area is the 2nd biggest in the country with over 3,825,000 residents. The "agglomeration" of Montreal encompasses all of the municipalities on the island and has a population or approximately 1,886,481.
Montreal's official language is French. The French language is spoken at home by about 60 percent of the city's inhabitants, whilst English is spoken at home by around 21%. Around 23 percent of the population speaks other languages. In the bigger Montreal Census Metropolitan Area, there are an even higher number of primarily French speakers. Over 50% of the population can speak both English and French. After Paris, Montreal is the 2nd biggest French-speaking city in the western world.
Monacle Magazine has dubbed the city of Montreal, "Canada's Cultural Capital". It was even known as a UNESCO City of Design in the year 2006. The city of Montreal has been Canada's leading commercial city, during much of the country's history. During the latter part of the 1970s, the city of Toronto surpassed the city of Montreal in terms of both economic strength and population. The economy of the city is the 2nd largest in Canada based on GDP and is the largest in Quebec. These days the city of Montreal is considered an extremely livable city. It is a centre of aerospace, commerce, finance, pharmaceuticals, global affairs and technology and is the headquarters of the Montreal Exchange. It is a leader in design, culture and film. Tourism is an important industry.
2thinknow ranked Montreal in the year 2010, 34th place globally for innovation in its yearly Innovation Cities Index. They ranked ahead of Quebec City, Calgary, Edmonton and Vancouver. Toronto ranked 12th. Montreal has also been named North America's number one city by the International Congress and Convention Association (also referred to as ICCA).
The city of Montreal is among the largest providers of aerospace jobs in North America. Significant industries comprise engineering, aerospace, electronic goods, pharmaceuticals, textile and apparel manufacturing, printed goods, transportation, software telecommunications and tobacco. Finance, research and development and the higher education sectors also contribute significantly to the local economy.