The Canadian Province of Ontario is situated in the east-central region of the nation. It has the largest population compared to any province, while being the 2nd largest in area. Canada's most heavily populated city is Toronto and the country's capital city Ottawa is likewise situated here.
Along the western border of the province is Manitoba, whilst Quebec is on the eastern border, with Hudson Bay found to the north. Towards the south, there are 3 U.S. States. From west to east these are Minnesota, Michigan and New York. Across Lake Erie are the states of Ohio and Pennsylvania. Most of the province's 2,700 km or 1,677 mile border with the United States follow inland waterways except for a small section. The Lake of the Woods is along the west, eastward there are the major lakes and rivers which make up St. Lawrence River and the Great Lakes drainage system.
This drainage system is formed by waterways consist of the Pigeon River, the Rainy River, Lake Huron, Lake Superior, Lake Erie, St. Mary's River, the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the Detroit River, the Niagara River and Lake Ontario. The boundary likewise runs along the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, Ontario to the Quebec boundary located just east of Cornwall, Ontario.
Ontario is sometimes divided conceptually into two areas; Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario. The vast majority of Ontario's population and its arable land are situated in the south. Conversely, the northern three-quarters of the province are sparsely populated.
Ontario is a name that originates from the Great Lake Ontario, and originates from a Huron word which means "great lake." Some people think it is possibly comes from the word "skanadario" that translates to "beautiful water," in the Iroquoian languages. There are around two hundred fifty thousand freshwater lakes within the province.
Roughly 52% of the total national manufacturing shipments during the year 2004 were completed in the province of Ontario, making it the leading manufacturing province. The largest trading partner of the province is the U.S. State of Michigan. The Ontario government posted a record C$21.3 billion or $21.7 billion USD deficit for the fiscal year of 2009-10. The net debt of the province of Ontario can rise to C$220 billion in 2010-11 or a record of 37% of the GDP or gross domestic product.
The province of Ontario has a rich hydroelectric capacity with its river and its share of the Niagara River. The Ontario Power Generation generated 70 percent of the province's electricity in the year 2009. Of this electricity, 10% is fossil fuel derived, 39% is hydroelectric and 31% is nuclear. A large proportion of the newer power generation coming online during the past few years is combined cycle natural gas or natural gas plants. Ontario Power Generation is not responsible for the transmission of power as this responsibility falls under the control of Hydro One.
Initially the dominant trade, agriculture occupies a small percentage of the population. It is still prevalent in part of Southern Ontario's land proximity. During the past few decades, the number of individual farms has gradually lessened. Greater mechanization has helped satisfy the increasing demands which come with a growing population. This ratio has likewise caused a steady increase in the amount of land reserved for growing crops.