It is suggested to regularly inspect the front end of your forklift as part of your pre-shift or daily inspection, in order to help prevent expensive forklift repairs. By catching any problems as they arise or ahead of time, you could also help prevent damage to any loads too. The following includes some of the common guidelines on what particular things to inspect during frequent inspections of your material handling fleet.
Regularly checking the forks is important because if these are worn out or cracked, they might fail without warning. Any type of fork damage means that your forklift should immediately be removed from service until it is fixed and safe once more. Visually inspect your forks for any noticeable indications of wear or damage. If the cracks run deeper than on the surface, replace them. Any wear on the forks beyond 10 percent is another sign that you must replace the forks.
The mast should ideally tilt forward and backward while being able to move up and down. You might need to lubricate the mast strip sliding surfaces and fittings if you find that the sliding surfaces are binding. On the inner mast there is a fitting situated on each side. The lift bracket side rollers are a different lubrication point and there is also one on each side roller. When the lubricating has been completed, tilt it forward and backward and also lower and raise the mast a few times in order to ensure that the lubricant is worked correctly into the fittings.
Your daily inspection has to involve the checking for oil leaks and damage because an uncontrolled mast movement can be caused by oil leakage. Whether the leaks are external or are located inside of the cylinder, the end result may be cylinder drift and loss of fluid. If there are any signs of leaks or damage, you might have to replace just the seals or the whole cylinder assembly.
The mast chains have to be inspected to see if they are being stretched beyond their acceptable limits. In addition, inspect the chain wear guage or check the chains for indications of damage. If there is wear beyond 2 percent, replace the chain. Also replace it if the chain looks rusted or kinked. The sheave bearings and the chain rollers also need to be checked for signs of wear.
Usually, mast lift chains wear at the pin-to-link connections. If you discover wear, you could experience chain failure. This can end up damaging front end parts or even the product. If you need help determining what precisely to check on your forklifts or if you do not have time on hand to carry out regular fleet inspections, simply call your local forklift dealer. Their trained service technicians would help your perform planned maintenance or PM checks based on your scheduling and application requirements.